PRE-TENSIONER SEAT BELT CONSTRUCTION/OPERATION


BHE081057630T02

Construction

1
Spring unit
2
Guide plate
3
Pre-tensioner cover
4
Pipe
5
Guide block
6
Gas generator
7
Stopper spring
8
Ball
9
Ring gear
10
Pre-tensioner plate
11
Pinion
12
Spool
13
Torsion bar
14
Pawl
15
Pawl spring
16
Locking base
17
Housing
18
Sensor unit
19
Lock gear
20
Hook spring
21
Fly wheel
22
Retainer

Operation

Before Activation (Normal Condition)

• The spool has a pinion on its end, which rotates with the spool when the belt webbing is retracted or withdrawn.
• There is a ring gear around the pinion. Because the pinion does not engage with the ring gear during normal operation, the ring gear does not rotate even when the belt webbing is retracted or withdrawn.

1
Ring gear
2
Pinion
3
Spool

During Activation

1. When the pre-tensioner seat belt system receives an operation signal from the SAS unit, gas is produced from each generator forcing up the balls in the tube.

2. The balls shift, pushing the ring gear toward the pinion. Due to this, the ring gear and pinion are engaged.

3. The shifting balls rotate the ring gear. The pinion, coupled with the rotation of the ring gear, rotates the spool in the direction of retraction. Thus the belt webbing is tightened.

1
Gas generator
2
Gas
3
Ball
4
Pinion
5
Ring gear

After Activation

1. Directly after the activation of the pre-tensioner seat belt system and the application of a load to the seat belt in the direction of withdrawal, the ELR lock mechanism operates and the pawl engages the housing gear.

2. When a larger than specified load is applied to the seat belt with the locking base locked by the pawl, the torsion bar twists. Thus the spool rotates and the belt webbing is withdrawn.

3. Because the spool rotates in the direction of withdrawal, the ring gear pushes the balls back and the pinion is disengaged from the ring gear.

1
Housing
2
Locking base
3
Pawl
4
Belt
5
Spool
6
Torsion bar
7
Pinion
8
Ring Gear
9
Ball