DSC HU PART CONSTRUCTION/OPERATION


BHE041543750T03

Construction

Function Of Main Component Parts

Part name

Function

Inlet solenoid valve
• Adjusts the fluid pressure in each brake system according to DSC HU/CM signals.
Outlet solenoid valve
• Adjusts the fluid pressure in each brake system according to DSC HU/CM signals.
Stability control solenoid valve
• Switches the brake hydraulic circuits during and according to normal braking, ABS and EBD control, TCS control and DSC control.
Traction switch solenoid valve
• Switches the brake hydraulic circuits during and according to normal braking, ABS and EBD control, TCS control and DSC control.
Reserve
• Temporarily stores brake fluid from the caliper piston to ensure smooth pressure reduction during ABS and EBD control, TCS control and DSC control.
Pump
• Returns the brake fluid stored in the reservoir to the master cylinder during ABS and DSC control.
• Increases brake fluid pressure and sends brake fluid to each caliper piston during TCS control and DSC control.
Pump motor
• Operates the pump according to DSC HU/CM signals.

Hydraulic Circuit Diagram

1
Master cylinder
2
Brake fluid pressure sensor
3
Traction switch solenoid valve
4
Stability control solenoid valve
5
Inlet solenoid valve
6
Outlet solenoid valve
7
Damper chamber
8
Pump motor
9
Reserve
10
Pump

Operation

During normal braking

• During normal braking, the solenoid valves are not energized and all of them are off. When the brake pedal is depressed, brake fluid pressure is transmitted from the master cylinder, through the traction switch and inlet solenoid valves, and then to the caliper piston.

Solenoid Valve Operation Table

Traction switch solenoid valve

Stability control solenoid valve

Inlet solenoid valve

Outlet solenoid valve

Pump motor, pump

LF-RR

RF-LR

LF-RR

RF-LR

LF

RF

LR

RR

LF

RF

LR

RR

OFF (open)
OFF (closed)
OFF (open)
OFF (closed)
Stopped

Hydraulic Circuit Diagram

1
Master cylinder
2
Brake fluid pressure sensor
3
Traction switch solenoid valve
4
Stability control solenoid valve
5
Inlet solenoid valve
6
Outlet solenoid valve
7
Damper chamber
8
Pump motor
9
Reserve
10
Pump

During ABS and EBD control

• During ABS and EBD control, when wheel lock-up is about to occur, the traction switch and stability control solenoid valves are not energized, and the inlet and outlet solenoid valves are energized and controlled in three pressure modes (increase, reduction or maintain), thereby adjusting brake fluid pressure. Brake fluid during pressure reduction is temporarily stored in the reservoir and afterwards the pump motor operates the pump to return the fluid to the master cylinder. (The following figure shows these conditions: right front wheel pressure increased, left front wheel pressure maintained, and both rear wheels pressure decreased.)

Solenoid valve operation table

 

Traction switch solenoid valve

Stability control solenoid valve

Inlet solenoid valve

Outlet solenoid valve

Pump motor, pump

LF-RR

RF-LR

LF-RR

RF-LR

LF

RF

LR

RR

LF

RF

LR

RR

During Pressure increase mode
OFF (open)
OFF (closed)
OFF (open)
OFF (closed)
Stopped
During pressure maintain mode
OFF (open)
OFF (closed)
ON (closed)
OFF (closed)
Stopped
During pressure reduction mode
OFF (open)
OFF (closed)
ON (closed)
ON (open)
Operating

Hydraulic Circuit Diagram

1
Master cylinder
2
Brake fluid pressure sensor
3
Traction switch solenoid valve
4
Stability control solenoid valve
5
Inlet solenoid valve
6
Outlet solenoid valve
7
Damper chamber
8
Pump motor
9
Reserve
10
Pump

During DSC control (suppress oversteer tendency) and TCS control

• When a large oversteer tendency or driving wheel spin is determined, the traction switch and the stability control solenoid valves are energized, switching the hydraulic circuits. At the same time, the pump motor is actuated to operate the pump, thereby increasing pressure by supplying brake fluid pressure to the caliper piston of the outer front wheel or the slipping driving wheel. Also at this time, the inlet solenoid valve of the inner rear wheel is energized and the hydraulic circuit of this wheel is closed.
• After a pressure increase, brake fluid pressure is adjusted using the three pressure modes (reduction, maintain, increase) so that the target wheel speed is obtained. (The following figure shows a left turn, or control of right rear wheel spin (during pressure increase mode).)

Solenoid Valve Operation Table

 

Traction switch solenoid valve

Stability control solenoid valve

Inlet solenoid valve

Outlet solenoid valve

Pump motor, pump

LF-RR

RF-LR

LF-RR

RF-LR

LF

RF

LR

RR

LF

RF

LR

RR

During pressure increase mode
ON
(closed)
ON
(open)
ON
(closed)
ON
(closed)
OFF
(open)
ON
(closed)
OFF
(open)
OFF (closed)
Operating
During pressure maintain mode
OFF
(open)
OFF
(closed)
OFF (closed)
OFF
(open)
ON (closed)
OFF (closed)
ON
(open)
OFF (closed)
Operating
During pressure reduction mode
OFF
(open)
OFF
(closed)
OFF (closed)
OFF
(open)
ON (closed)
OFF (closed)
ON
(open)
OFF
(closed)
ON
(open)
OFF
(closed)
ON
(open)
Operating

Hydraulic Circuit Diagram

1
Master cylinder
2
Brake fluid pressure sensor
3
Traction switch solenoid valve
4
Stability control solenoid valve
5
Inlet solenoid valve
6
Outlet solenoid valve
7
Damper chamber
8
Pump motor
9
Reserve
10
Pump
11
Pressure increase

During DSC control (to suppress understeer tendency)

• When a large understeer tendency is determined, the traction switch and the stability control solenoid valves are energized, switching the hydraulic circuits. At the same time, the pump motor is actuated to operate the pump, supplying brake fluid pressure from the reservoir to the inner rear wheel cylinder. Also at this time, the inlet solenoid valve of the outer front wheel is energized and the hydraulic circuit of this wheel is closed.
• After a pressure increase, brake fluid pressure is adjusted using the three pressure modes (reduction, maintain, increase) so that the target wheel speed is obtained. (The following figure shows control during a left turn (during pressure increase mode).)

Solenoid Valve Operation Table

 

Traction switch solenoid valve

Stability control solenoid valve

Inlet solenoid valve

Outlet solenoid valve

Pump motor, pump

LF-RR

RF-LR

LF-RR

RF-LR

LF

RF

LR

RR

LF

RF

LR

RR

During pressure increase mode
OFF
(open)
ON
(closed)
OFF
(closed)
ON
(open)
OFF
(open)
ON
(closed)
OFF
(open)
OFF (closed)
Operating
During pressure maintain mode
OFF
(open)
OFF
(closed)
OFF (closed)
OFF
(open)
OFF (closed)
ON (open)
OFF
(open)
OFF (closed)
Operating
During pressure reduction mode
OFF
(open)
OFF
(closed)
OFF (closed)
OFF
(open)
OFF (closed)
ON (closed)
OFF
(open)
OFF
(closed)
ON
(open)
OFF
(closed)
Operating

Hydraulic Circuit Diagram

1
Master cylinder
2
Brake fluid pressure sensor
3
Traction switch solenoid valve
4
Stability control solenoid valve
5
Inlet solenoid valve
6
Outlet solenoid valve
7
Damper chamber
8
Pump motor
9
Reserve
10
Pump
11
Pressure increase